“Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. It may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a just God’s assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other men’s faces, but let us judge not, that we be not judged. The prayers of both could not be answered.” Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, Saturday, March 4, 1865.
Abraham Lincoln was well-versed in the Bible and had a sense that God was unknowable. Both sides of the Civil War assumed they knew God’s will was in their favor in their opposing causes. One side was wrong.